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Counting Pentecost...
Countdown down to the Kingdom

What is the significance of Pentecost?
Is it really important to keep it?
Why the Confusion Counting it? What does the Bible say?
When is Pentecost - 2012?


The Day of Pentecost is a prophetic masterkey revealing God's ONE TRUE RELIGION and TRUE CHURCH through the giving of the Law (Torah) and the Holy Spirit. Pentecost is therefore a key to distinguishing God's True Religion and True Church from the multitude of mankind's religions and churches (Ex 19 & 20; Mat 24:4-5,11,24; Acts 2:1-4,14-21,38-39) - (see God's Holy Day Plan: The Promise of Hope for All Mankind, and Mystery of Pentecost...The One True Religion & Church of God).

Pentecost also reveals a timeline of God's master-plan to His TRUE CHURCH (the called-out ones - the firstfruits of salvation - Jam 1:18; Rev 14:4), and a COUNTDOWN through 7 eras of the Church to the return of Jesus Christ (the Messiah) and restoration of the Kingdom of God on the Earth (Acts 3:18-21; Rev 1, 2 & 3). God's Church was given the responsibility, as His royal priesthood, to proclaim the mystery of the Gospel (good news) of the Kingdom of God to the world, which only the true Church of God will be doing (Ex 19:5-6; Deut 4:1-8; Amos 3:7-8; Mat 24:14; 28:18-20; Eph 3:1-12; 1 Pet 2:9-10; Rev 1:1-20).

But many are confused as to when, why and how to keep Pentecost. Why is it important to keep it, and keep it on the right day each year? And why all the confusion on what day God appointed to be kept?

Who is right? Does it make any difference?

Some say...count Pentecost after Passover from the marrow after the Sabbath within the days of Unleavened Bread...

Most in traditional Christianity say...celebrate Pentecost seven weeks (50 days) after Easter Sunday...

Many Jews say...count 50 days beginning with the day after the first Holy Day (High Sabbath) of Unleavened Bread to the 6th of Sivan (3rd month of the Jewish calendar), a set day of the month every year...

Others say...count after Passover from the morrow after the Sabbath, but not necessarily the morrow within the days of unleavened bread...

And some say we can't understand...it's not important...

We should be aware of the warnings God gives in the Scriptures...To be diligent and "not neglect so great a salvation" (Heb 2:1-3 - see Are You Denying the Messiah (Christ) and Neglecting Salvation?), and to...

"Take heed that no one deceives you" (Mat 24:4; Col 2:4,8)...Or that we not deceive ourselves (Mat 7:21-23; 1 Cor 3:18)...

"knowing...that no prophecy (God inspired teaching) of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit" (2 Pet 1:20-21)...
"But...there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies... And many will follow their destructive ways... By covetousness they will exploit you with deceptive words" (2 Pet 2:1-3)...
"For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but [according to their own desires] shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; and they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and [be turned aside] to fables" (2 Tim 4:3)...
Some seek to gain followers...
"Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them" (Acts 20:30; see 1 Tim 6:3-5)...

The Holy Scriptures admonish us to

"be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises" (Heb 6:12...),
and that we should "Prove all things; hold fast that which is good" (2 Thes 5:21).

Can you understand?

Jesus Christ said you can! How? You don't have to be a scholar to understand. He said,

"...the Holy Spirit...(the Spirit of Truth) will teach you all things" (John 14:17,25)... "when...the Spirit of Truth, has come, it will guide you into all truth" (John 16:13).
Jesus thanked the Father, the Lord of heaven and earth,
"because You have hid these things from the wise and prudent (vain scholars), and have revealed them unto babes" (Mat 11:25).

Why is it important to know?

When God made a covenant with Israel, He gave to them:

"The feasts of the Lord, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts...
"These feasts of (Jehovah) are holy convocations, which you shall proclaim in their seasons (appointed times)" (Lev 23:2,4).
The word "feast" is translated from the Hebrew word "moed," which means appointment or a fixed or appointed time. The "feasts of the Lord" are times God appointed to meet with His people and instruct them in His ways, and they are a sign of who God's people are and who God is (see Ex 31:13-17; Neh 8:1-12). To continue to be part of God's people one must keep God's appointments. God said,
"Surely, My Sabbaths you shall keep, for they are a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you. You shall keep the Sabbath, therefore, for it is holy to you...for whoever does any work on it shall be cut off from among his people" (Ex 31:13-14).

The word "holy" (Hebrew "qodesh") means sanctified or set apart for God's special purpose. God's Holy Days, "feasts of the Lord" include His weekly Sabbaths and 7 annual feasts (appointed times or Holy Days).

God's Holy Days are special Sabbaths (times to rest from our own labors and pleasures and gather together in holy convocations with God and His people). They are to be kept at their appointed times in their seasons according to God's biblical Holy Day calendar (Gen 1:14; Ex 12:2; 34:21-23; Lev 23:2-4; Psa 81:3). God ordained special times that corresponded to the agricultural seasons and harvests in Palestine as physical types to reveal His spiritual harvests. They reveal God's masterplan of salvation for all mankind, His spiritual harvests (see God's Holy Day Plan: The Promise of Hope for All Mankind).

"Three times you shall [come to] keep a feast ("chagag," annual celebration) unto Me in the year: "You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread...at the time appointed in the month Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt...
"and the Feast of Harvest of the firstfruits of your labors which you have sown in the field; and the Feast of Ingathering at the end ("yatsa,"
going out) of the year, when you have gathered in your labors from the field" (Ex 23:14-16).

The correct time for keeping all of the "feasts ("moed," appointed times) of the Lord," including Pentecost, are determined from the first month (called Abib or Nisan) of the new year in the spring. The first two Holy Days, the Passover and Days of Unleavened Bread, occur after the spring equinox in the first month of the new year (see When is Passover?)

"Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron...saying, 'This month shall be the first month of the year to you.
"...'On the tenth day of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father...
"Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year...
"Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it [between the two evenings]"
(Ex 12:1-6).
"Observe the month of Abib (meaning green, tender, as in springtime, not in winter as in the pagan Roman calendar most use today), and keep the Passover to the Lord your God...
"you shall sacrifice the Passover to the Lord your God...in the place where the Lord chooses to put His name...
"there you shall sacrifice the Passover at even, at the going down of the sun, in the season ("moed," appointed time) you came out of Egypt"
(Deut 16:1-2,6).
"On the 14th day of the first month [between the two evenings] is the Lord's Passover.
"And on the 15 day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavend Bread to the Lord; seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
"On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it...
"The seventh day shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it" (Lev 23:5-8).

The third feast (appointed time) of the Lord is Pentecost. The time of Pentecost has special significance in the old and new covenants through the giving of the Law at Mount Sinai and of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost beginning the New Testament Church (Ex 19 & 20; Acts 2:1-4). Counting seven Sabbaths (or weeks) and a day (50 days) to Pentecost has great prophetic significance in God's master-plan. Fifty days, with the day for a year principle in prophecy (Num 14:34; Eze 4:6), is equivalent to the 7 Sabbath years to the Jubile, the 50th year, which is prophetic of the coming Kingdom of God (Lev 25:8-12; Isa 61:1-7,11; Lk 4:17-19). The countdown of 7 Sabbaths plus a day to Pentecost is also prophetic of the calling and spiritual harvest of the firstfruits of salvation through seven eras of God's church from Christ to the coming of the Kingdom of God (Jam 1:18; Rev 1:1-4,11-20; 11:15-18; 14:4).

Counting of Pentecost begins from the time the Wave Sheaf (representing Christ as the first of the firtfruits - 1 Cor 15:20) was offered during the Days of Unleavened Bread.

In the OT, Pentecost is called the Feast of Harvest (Ex 23:16), the Day of Firstfruits (Ex 23:16; 34:22; Num 28:26; Lev 23:17), and the Feast of Weeks (Ex 34:22; Num 28:26; Deut 16:10,16; 2 Chron 8:13). Seven weeks and a day must be counted beginning on the morrow after the Sabbath "from the time you begin to put the sickle to the grain" (Deut 16:9), which was when the wave sheaf was offered, to the morrow after the 7th Sabbath - a total of 50 days (7 x 7 = 49 + 1 = 50 days - Lev 23:11,15-16).

In the NT the feast of weeks or firstfruits is called the feast of Pentecost. In the Greek language of the NT, "pentekoste" means fiftieth (50th). Seven full weeks (7 x 7 = 49 plus a day = 50) must be counted from the time of the wave sheaf offering on the morrow after the Sabbath to Pentecost.

What is so difficult about counting Pentecost?

Counting to Pentecost must begin after the Passover (not Easter - see "Good Friday - Easter Sunday Dilemma"), on the first day after the Sabbath during the Days of Unleavened Bread. Most of the confusion arises over the precise meaning of Sabbath and which day the Wave Sheaf was to be offered and therefore when to begin counting.

Leviticus 23:4-6,10 and 11 says,

"These are the feasts ("moed," appointments or appointed times) of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim in their seasons ("moed," appointed times).
"In the fourteenth day of the first month ("bane ha arbayim" - between the two evenings) is the Lord's Passover.
"And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of Unleavened Bread unto the Lord; seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
"In the first day you shall have a holy convocation...
"...the seventh day is a holy convocation... And the Lord spoke unto Moses, saying...
"When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it."

Then in verses 15 and 16: "And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed. Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath."

The question some have is, what is meant by Sabbath? The 15th of Nisan, the first Day of Unleavened Bread is a Sabbath High Day. Do you begin counting on the 16th of Nisan, the day after the Sabbath High Day, as some do? Or do you begin counting on Sunday, the day after the weekly Sabbath (the seventh day of the week)?

If Sabbath here means the seventh day weekly Sabbath, the day after which weekly Sabbath do you begin counting on? For instance, if the 14th, Passover, is on a Sabbath, do you begin counting the next day, Sunday the first day of the week, which would be the 15th of Nisan - a Sabbath High Day beginning the Feast of Unleavened Bread? Or do you count from the 22nd of Nisan, the day after the next Sabbath, which in that situation would be the day after the Feast of Unleavened Bread is over?

What is so significant about the wave sheaf offering and the time it was to be offered? Does the Bible give us any clear answers? Is it really important to count Pentecost accurately and keep the right day for our appointment with God?

After 40 years in the wilderness, Israel came into the land God gave them. Leviticus 23:10 and Joshua 5:10-12 reveal that the wave sheaf was to be offered after Passover (the Passover always occurs on the 14th of the first month - Abib or Nisan - of the new year).

Why after the Passover? The Passover is the first step in God's plan of salvation, representing the deliverance of God's people (His Church - Acts 7:38) from sin as illustrated by the first Passover and the exodus of Israel from Egypt (see "Passover...The Beginning of Salvation"). The sacrifice of the Passover lamb on the 14th pointed to the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, the firstborn Son of God, to deliver us from our sins.

Why the Wave Sheaf offering?

The Wave Sheaf offering represented Jesus Christ as the first of the firstfruits (1 Cor 15:20). The firstfruits are the first harvest of salvation which will be completed at the first resurrection (Rev 20:5-6). After giving His life as the Passover Lamb and after His resurrection during the days of Unleavened Bread, Jesus ascended to heaven as the Wave Sheaf offering to present Himself (with His blood) to be accepted by God the Father for us for our redemption (Lev 23:11; Heb 9:12,24) and He became the first of the firstfruits of the spiritual harvest of mankind, "the firstborn among many brethren" (Rom 8:29) into the Kingdom of God (1 Cor 15:20; Heb 2:9-18).

"When you come into the land which I give to you, and (you) reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it" (Lev 23:9-11).

The spiritual significance of keeping the right days is revealed is several places in the Scriptures and in the special meaning of Pentecost, the Feast of Firstfruits, itself.

The firstfruits represent the first harvest in God's plan of salvation (James 1:18; Rev 14:4). Israel was to be God's firstfruits, but because of disobedience, most have been cut off from salvation until a later harvest (Jer 2:3; Rom 11:7,11-12,16,19-32).

The NT Church of God is called the "Israel of God" (Gal 6:16), the "Church of the firstborn" (Heb 12:23) and its members are represented as having the "firstfruits of the Spirit" (Rom 8:23). Jesus Christ is the Author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him and they will become the firstfruits in God's plan of salvation (Heb 5:9; Rev 14:4).

The firstfruits are those who have the Spirit of God and keep His commandments and appointments (Rom 8:9; Rev 14:4; 17:14).

God sanctified (set apart) the weekly Sabbath, the 7th day of the week (Gen 2:2-3), and He commanded man to keep His Sabbaths holy...(Ex 20:8; Deut 5:12). The Sabbaths are a sign of who God is and who His people are (Ex 31:13-17). Any who will not keep them are cutting themselves off from God (Isa 59:1-2).

The Sabbaths are a time we are to cease or rest from our own labors and pursuits to worship and fellowship with God and Christ and His people (Heb 10:23-25; 1 John 1:3). It is a time God reserved to teach His people His laws and wisdom, and to reveal His plans and purposes to them (Psa 19:7-11; John 15:14-15).

Less understood by many is that God's feasts, His Holy Days, are also called God's Sabbaths, and are in some places referred to as the High Days (John 19:31). And that the weekly Sabbaths are also called His feasts or Holy Days (Lev 23:2-4), which translated in the OT from the Heb. "moed," means appointments or appointed times. In other words, Gods Sabbaths and Feasts are appointments or appointed times God has sanctified (set apart) to meet with His people. Jesus Christ said He is Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:27-28).

God did not sanctify Friday or Sunday or any other day except the 7th day as the weekly Sabbath, nor did He sanctify any day as Holy other than those recorded in the Holy Scriptures. Christmas, Valentines day, Easter, May Day, Halloween and all the other holidays established by man are not God's feasts or Holy Days (appointments), holy to God (see Holidays or Holy Days: Does It Matter Which Days We Observe?). They are "traditions of men" (Mat 15:2-3,6-9; Col 2:8), of which God says,

"I hate, I despise your feast days..." (Amos 5:21; Isa 1:14).
He warns, "Beware lest anyone [seduce] you through philosophy and empty deceit, according to the tradition of men, according to the basic principles of the world, and not according to Christ" (Col 2:8). Because they turn many away to follow other gods that cannot save (Isa 45:20-22).

God gives explicit instructions in His Word, the Holy Scriptures, as to when and how to keep His Holy Days. His people are expected to study, know and live by the Scriptures (Mat 4:4; 2 Tim 2:15) and to keep the days that God has set apart as holy. And if there is confusion as to which days should be kept, Jesus gives the Holy Spirit to those who will obey Him (Acts 5:32) to lead them to understand all truth (John 14:15-17, 26; 16:7-14; 1 John 2:26-27).

God also gives servants to teach us (Eph 4:11), but we are responsible to use the Holy Spirit God has made available for us to study and prove all things (Acts 17:11; 1 Thes 5:21) and discern between God's true servants and deceivers (2 Thes 2:3,9-17; 2 Cor 11:13-15; 1 John 4:1-6).

And why is this important? What does God say about those who don't keep their invitation to His appointments, to keep His feasts?

Those who forsook His Sabbaths cut themselves off from God (Ex 31:13-14). In the New Testament, Jesus in a parable said that those who didn't keep their invitation to His wedding feast "were not worthy" (Mat 22:8).

"For many are called, but few are chosen" (Mat 22:1-14).
In another place He asks, "But why do you call Me 'Lord, Lord,' and do not do the things which I say" (Lk 6:46).
"Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. Many will say to Me in that day, 'Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied (preached) in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?' And then I will declare to them, 'I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!'" (Mat 7:21-23).

Why count Pentecost every year?

Now why do we need to count Pentecost every year and how do we count it? What do the Scriptures say?

All of God's feasts (appointed holy times) are on a specific day of the month (in the Hebrew calendar) in their appointed seasons, which doesn't change each year. Therefore they do not need to be counted because they were appointed on a set day of the month (after a new moon) every year. But contrary to the opinion of some, Pentecost is not! Therefore, the time of Pentecost must be counted every year.

"And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbbaths shall be completed. Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath" (Lev 23:15-16).

Pentecost, according to the Scriptures, is the only feast keyed to the weekly Sabbath cycle, that is, it always occurs on the same day of the week each year, "on the day after the (weekly) Sabbath," which is the first day of the week - Sunday on the Roman calendar - but not on the same day of the Lunar month each year. Why is this? The Sabbath is a proof of the Creator God (Gen 2:1-3; Ex 20:8-11) and a test commandment identifying the people and church ("ekklesia," called-out ones) of God (Ex 16:4,23-30; 31:13; Mk 2:27-28; John 8:31; Heb 3:7-19; 4:1-13).

What are the proofs?

How do we know that Pentecost must always be counted beginning on the day after a weekly Sabbath, and during the days of Unleavened Bread, as most of the Sadducees in Christ's time taught? That it is a weekly Sabbath should be obvious because Leviticus says explicitly,

"You shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath ("shabbath")... seven Sabbaths ("shabbath," plural form) shall be completed. Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath ("shabbath")" (Lev 23:15).
The Pharisee Jews, as early as the days of Christ, began counting Pentecost on the 16th of Nisan, the day after the first Day (a High Day Sabbath) of Unleavened Bread. They assumed that the giving of the Law, the Ten Commandments, on Mount Sinai was on the 50th day after the Exodus, which began on the 15th of Abib (Nisan). This would put Pentecost on the 6th of Sivan every year and the day of the week would vary. But according to the Scriptures, that is incorrect, because they arrived at Mount Sinai on the "same day" (of the week) as the Exodus when they had gone out of the land of Egypt (Ex 19:1-2). They were then told to
"Be ready for the third day. For in the third day the Lord will come down upon Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people" (Ex 19:11).
Counting the 50 days then would have begun the third day after the beginning of the Exodus, putting the Exodus on Thursday and the third day on Sunday, "the day after the Sabbath," and the fiftieth day on the "Day after the Sabbath," the first day of the week (Sunday). (see Calendar for time of the Exodus)

They also say that the 7 Sabbaths signify 7 weeks, not 7 Sabbath days, but the word for "week" is another word in the Hebrew, as it is referred to in Deuteronomy 16.
"Seven weeks ("shabua") shall you count for yourself; begin to count the seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the grain" (Deut 16:9), which could not begin until the wave sheaf was offered (Lev 23:10,14).
The Scriptures cannot be referring to the day after a High Day Sabbath to begin the count because the 7 Sabbaths between Passover and Pentecost are definitely called weekly Sabbaths ("shabbath," meaning restful intermission - Lev 23:15-16) and not just seven weeks ("shabua," meaning weeks), as the Pharisee Jews after Christ's time presumed. And the seventh Sabbath is not a High Day Sabbath, which would be required if Pentecost wasn't always on the "day after the (weekly) Sabbath," the first day of the week.

Two examples in the Scriptures also make it clear that Pentecost must be counted from the day after the weekly Sabbath within the Days of Unleavened Bread and the 50th day always occurs on the first day of the week, and not from the 16th (a High Day Sabbath) of Nisan to the 6th of Sivan every year.

As we already read in Leveticus 23:10 and 11, The wave sheaf was to begin being offered when they

"come into the land...and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest." And "He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord...on the day after the Sabbath..."
In verse 14 God says,
"You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God; it shall be a statute forever..."

The first time the wave sheaf could be offered occurred when Israel came into the promised land. Shortly after they miraculously crossed over the Jordan river,

"the children of Israel camped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening on the plains of Jericho.
"And they ate the produce of the land on the day after the Passover, unleavened bread and parched grain, on the very same day.
"Now the manna ceased on the day after they had eaten the produce of the land; and the children of Israel no longer had manna, but they ate the food of the land of Canaan that year"
(Josh 5:10-12).

Before they could eat the harvest of the land, they had to "bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of (their) harvest to the priest" (Lev 23:10,14). Since they ate the produce of the land on the day after the Passover, the 15th of Nisan, they had to offer the Wave Sheaf offering on that same day before they could eat the "produce of the land...unleavened bread and parched grain." Therefore the 15th of Nisan (Abib) that year was the first day of the week, "the day after the (weekly) Sabbath," and also a High Day Sabbath beginning the Days of Unleavened Bread (see Calendar of Joshua's time).

Because they did not wait until the 16th, the day after the High Day Sabbath of the 15th of Nisan, as some do to begin their counting Pentecost, this proves that the Sabbaths referred to in Leviticus 23:11,15-16 are weekly Sabbaths and not the Sabbath High Day on the 15th of Nisan.

The example given in Joshua 5:10-12 therefore proves that the day we are to begin counting Pentecost is the day after the weekly Sabbath even when that Sabbath is the Passover, the 14th of Nisan, and that the Wave Sheaf offering is always within the Days of Unleavened Bread.

Some, however, begin counting Pentecost the day after the next Sabbath when the Passover is on a Sabbath, which would put the Wave Sheaf offering and beginning of the count on the day after the Days of Unleavened Bread. But, as this example reveals, the manna ceased on the 16th. If they had waited to offer the Wave Sheaf on the morrow after the next weekly Sabbath (the 22nd), after the Days of Unleavend Bread were completed, they would have been without food for 6 days and complained bitterly.

The other example proving that the Sabbaths referred to in Leviticus 23:11,15-16 are weekly Sabbaths within the Days of Unleavened Bread is in the New Testament example of Jesus Christ who was both the Lamb of the Passover sacrifice and the Wave Sheaf offering. Jesus was crucified on the afternoon of Wednesday, the 14th of Nisan, according to the Scriptures (Ex 12:6; Lk 24:44 - see "A Combined Narrative…Jesus' Last Passover..."). He was resurrected exactly 3 days and 3 nights later (Mat 12:38-40), near the end of the weekly Sabbath (Mat 12:38-40; 27:62-66; 28:1-6) during the Days of Unleavened Bread and ascended to God the Father as the Wave Sheaf offering "on the first day of the week" (John 20:1,17-21), "to be accepted on [our] behalf," to fulfill the Scriptures (Lev 23:11; Heb 9:11-12,24 - see Calendar for 31 AD and Good Friday Easter Sunday Dilemma).

Jesus, after ascending to God as the Wave Sheaf offering, returned and instructed His disciples for 40 days and

"He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, 'which,' He said, 'you have heard from Me; for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now'" (Acts 1:4-5).
"Then they returned to Jerusalem... they went into an upper room where they were staying... These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication..." (vs. 12-14).

They had counted and kept Pentecost as Jesus commanded them.

"Now when the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
"And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.
"Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them.
"And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance" (Acts 2:1-4).
And thus began the New Testament Church of God. If they had counted wrong, they would have missed out.

When is Pentecost 2012?

Passover 2012 was on Friday, the 6th of April. The Wave Sheaf Offering and counting the 50 days to Pentecost began on the "morrow after the Sabbath," which was Sunday, April 8th. Counting 7 weeks and one day or 50 days, beginning with April 8th, takes us to Sunday, May 27th (Sivan 6 on the Hebrew Calendar), which is Pentecost 2012 (See Calendar) and Calculating Pentecost on Hebrew Calendar below.

Dates for Spring Holy Days & Pentecost

Calendar Year1st of NisanPassover *Days of Unleavened Bread * Pentecost - (Sunday)*
2006March 30April 12Apr. 13-19 June 4
2007March 20April 2Apr. 3-9 May 27
2008April 6April 19Apr. 20-26 June 8
2009*March 26April 8April 9-15 May 31
2010March 16March 29Mar. 30 - Apr. 5 May 23
2011April 5April 18April 19-25 June 12
2012March 24April 6April 7-13 May 27

*Passover & All Holy Days begin at sundown of evening before.

Have a great Feast of Pentecost! For information concerning where you can keep the New Covenant Pentecost with an organized group and a faithful minister of Jesus Christ, you may contact a Church of God nearest you that believes in and is obeying Christ's instructions.

For more Biblical information about the One True Religion and Church of God, see "Mystery of PENTECOST...The One True Religion & Church of God.".


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Copyright: 2001-2011; Allen Stout, Serf Publishing, Inc.


Calculating Pentecost on Hebrew Calendar

When Passover (Nisan 14) occurs on Begin count on 50 days to Pentecost
Sabbath Sunday Nisan 15 Sunday Sivan 5
Sunday Sunday Nisan 21 Sunday Sivan 11
Monday Sunday Nisan 20 Sunday Sivan 10
Tuesday Sunday Nisan 19 Sunday Sivan 9
Wednesday Sunday Nisan 18 Sunday Sivan 8
Thursday Sunday Nisan 17 Sunday Sivan 7
Friday Sunday Nisan 16 Sunday Sivan 6

Copyright: May 30, 2001 - 2009 Serf Publishing Inc.






Counting Pentecost in 2009 on the Roman (Solar) and Hebrew (Lunar-Solar) calendar and in 31 A.D. on the Hebrew calendar:
Holy Spirit given to New Testament Church at Pentecost (Acts 1 & 2);
In Old Testament tradition and Scriptures reveal the Law & Covenant were given to Israel at Mt. Sinai on Pentecost after the Exodus (Ex 19:1,16).

Sunday
1st day
Monday
2nd day
Tuesday
3rd day
Wednesday
4th day
Thursday
5th day
Friday
6th day
Sabbath
7th day
April 5
Nisan (Abib) 11
6
12
7
13
8
14
Passover
Christ died
9
15   1st Day
ULB Sabb
**Exodus
10
16
11
17
Christ rose
after 3 days
April 12
Nisan 18
Wavesheaf
Count
(day 1)
13
19


(day 2)
14
20


(day 3)
15
21
Last day
ULB
(day 4)
16
22


(day 5)
17
23


(day 6)
18
24

(End of
week 1)
April 19
Nisan 25
Count (8)
20
26
(day 9)
21
27
(day 10)
22
28
(day 11)
23
29
(day 12)
24
30
(day 13)
25
*Iyar 1
(week 2)
April 26
Iyar 2
Count (15)
27
3
(day 16)
28
4
(day 17)
29
5
(day 18)
30
6
(day 19)
May 1
7
(day 20)
2
8
(week 3)
May 3
Iyar 9
Count (22)
4
10
(day 23)
5
11
(day 24)
6
12
(day 25)
7
13
(day 26)
8
14
(day 27)
9
15
(week 4)
May 10
Iyar 16
Count (29)
11

17
(day 30)
12
18
(day 31)
13
19
(day 32)
14
20
(day 33)
15
21
(day 34)
16
22
(week 5)
May 17
Iyar 23
Count (36)
18
24
(day 37)
19
25
(day 38)
20
26
(day 39)
21
27
(day 40)
22
28
(day 41)
23
29
(week 6)
May 24
*Sivan 1
Count 43)
25
2
(day 44)
26
3
(day 45)
27
4
(day 46)
28
5
(day 47)
At Sinai
29
6
(day 48)
30
7 (End of
week 7)
May 31
Sivan 8
Count (50)
PENTECOST:
** The Law &
Holy Spirit given

* New moon - beginning of month
** Scriptures reveal the Law was given in the 3rd month (Sivan) 3 days after the "same day" of the week (Thursday, the 5th day) that Israel began their Exodus (Ex 12:41-4219:1,11,15-20; 20:1-18). The Exodus began on the 15th of Nisan (Abib - Ex 13:4), the day after the Passover. The count to Pentecost began 3 days later, Sunday the first day of the week, the day of the Wave Sheaf offering . The Law was given on Mt. Sinai 7 weeks and 1 day (50 days) after the wave sheaf offering. Since Pentecost is always on Sunday, this indicates Passover (14th Nisan) was on Wednesday that year, the same day of the week that Jesus was crucified in the year 27 A.D. He arose 3 days later and then ascended to heaven the following day, the 1st day of the week (John 20:1,17), as the wave sheaf offering. Therefore Pentecost when the Law of the covenant was given occurred on the 8th day of Sivan that year (not the 6th as the Pharisees presumed), which was the same day of the week the Holy Spirit was given in 27 A.D. beginning the New Testament Church (Acts 2:1-4).

Copyright: May 30, 2001 - 2009 Serf Publishing, Inc.


Counting Pentecost on the Hebrew (Lunar-Solar) calendar in Joshua 5:10-12 when Passover occurs on the Sabbath & on the Roman (Solar Calendar) - year 2008

Sunday
1st day
Monday
2nd day
Tuesday
3rd day
Wednesday
4th day
Thursday
5th day
Friday
6th day
Sabbath
7th day
April 13
Nisan (Abib) 8
14
9
15
10
16
11
17
12
18
13
19
14
Passover
April 20
Nisan 15
1st day ULB
High Day Sabb
Wavesheaf
Count (day 1)
21
16
Manna
Ceased
Josh 5:12
(day 2)
22
17



(day 3)
23
18



(day 4)
24
19



(day 5)
25
20



(day 6)
26
21
Last day ULB

(End of
week 1)
April 27
Nisan 22
Count (8)
28
23
(day 9)
29
24
(day 10)
30
25
(day 11)
May 1
26
(day 12)
2
27
(day 13)
3
28
(week 2)
May 4
Nisan 29
Count (15)
5
30
(day 16)
6
*Iyar 1
(day 17)
7
2
(day 18)
8
3
(day 19)
9
4
(day 20)
10
5
(week 3)
May 11
Iyar 6
Count (22)
12
7
(day 23)
13
8
(day 24)
14
9
(day 25)
15
10
(day 26)
16
11
(day 27)
17
12
(week 4)
May 18
Iyar 13
Count (29)
19
14
(day 30)
20
15
(day 31)
21
16
(day 32)
22
17
(day 33)
23
18
(day 34)
24
19
(week 5)
May 25
Iyar 20
Count (36)
26
21
(day 37)
27
22
(day 38)
28
23
(day 39)
29
24
(day 40)
30
25
(day 41)
31
26
(day 42)
June 1
Iyar 27
Count (43)
2
28
(day 44)
3
29
(day 45)
4
*Sivan 1
(day 45)
5
2
(day 47)
6
3
(day 48)
7
4 (End of
week 7)
June 8
Sivan 5
Count (50)
PENTECOST
Back

* New Moon - beginning of month
Copyright: May 30, 2001 - 2012, Allen Stout, Serf Publishing, Inc.