by The Publisher
Copyright All rights reserved

Very broadly speaking, the races of the Orient may be divided into three main sub-races: the eastern Turkic peoples of Central Asia, the peoples of China and Japan and the tribes and peoples of south-east Asia.


Allow me to tackle the true origins of the latter. Gomer was the eldest son of Japheth and the father of three sons: Ashkenaz, Ripath and Togarmah. I shall discuss each of these sons, but before I do, Gomer himself needs to be discussed. Gomer was the Gamir or Gimirrai of the Assyrians and a part of the Cimmerians or Kimmerioi of the Greeks [1]. Even if one rejects the Bible, one cannot reject the Nations of Genesis chapter ten for their names are all preserved in history! The Armenians called Cappadocia gamir, after them [2]. The expansion of peoples in the Middle East forced them northwards over the Caucasus into southern Russia - the Ukraine, centred on the Dniester, but they were later driven out by the Greeks [3].

Let me interrupt myself here for a brief moment to explain something of importance. Jewish traditions of the Middle Ages claim that Gomer is today in central Europe. Nothing can be further from the truth. Gomer, as we shall shortly see, went in the opposite direction. Some of his descendants became known as Cimmerians. Sure, some nations who moved into Europe have similar names to that and it is not beyond reason that several nations became known as Cimmerian (see Hosea 1:2-4). But the original Cimmerians (or Kimmeri or Khimeri) moved into Asia, not Europe. Japheth was the father of the yellow and olive-skinned peoples, not the fair-skinned northern Europeans.

However, it is not beyond the realm of possibility that there was a western and an eastern mutation of Gomer which, together with a few Edomites, may dwell amongst the Bavarians to this day. Yair Davidy of Israel in his very useful book Ephraim, has provided information on this possibility. If so, such a group would qualify in the low percentage points.

To continue: the Cimmerians (or one of their branches) met up in Russia with the Tibarenians (Tubal) and Mushki (Meshech) [4]. Other branches journeyed through central Asia, through China [5] and into south-east Asia. Gomer gave rise to the Siamese, Burmese, Indonesians, Filipinos, Vietnamese, Laotians and Cambodians. The Cambodians' real name is the Khmer which is very likely derived from Gomer ! Similarly, one of the regions of Burma is known as Khemarata. Also, Kamara was the original name of Sumatra and a region in Sumatra is known as Kampar. We also find the area of Kemarat in Thailand and the Gimaras island in the Philippines. Given the aforementioned, it is highly likely, that these place and ethnic names are ultimately traceable back to Gomer. While it is impossible to prove, it is most likely and should be included in our list of probabilities.


Ashkenaz was called Asguza by Sargon of Assyria and Askanios by Homer [6]. Where are the Asguza and Askanios? It's imperative that we know. For the prophecies of the Bible reveal the future course of world events. We have to know where these nations are to understand the prophecies. In Jeremiah, the Medes and her allies are shown to be coming against modern Babylon:

"prepare the nations against her,
call together against her the
Kingdoms of Ararat, Minni and
Ashchenaz...prepare against her the
nations with the Kings of the Medes" (Jer 51:27-28).

Today the Georgians, Ossettes, Armenians and others occupy the region near Ararat. We all know that! But where are the Medes, Babylonians and descendants of Ashkenaz whom the Assyrians called Ashguza or Ishkuzai?

Lake Ascenius and the neighbouring people of Askaeni refer to him, as do Lake Ascenia in Bithyuia and a Lake of a similar name in Phrygia. [7]The mountains south of the Caspian Sea, separating the Bactrians from the Saki was known as the Ascanimian Mountains. Strabo calls the people saki, who invaded Bactria [8]. These were a nation of Scyths. Several nations were known as Scythians; at least one European race, and at least two Asiatic races [9].

The Ashkenazic Scythians migrated over the Caucasus into southern Russia, where Herodotus called them Skythai [10]. Others called the Scyths Ashguzai [11]or Skuthai. It may be that Tashkent, the capital of Turkestan and the area of Tashkurghan and the areas and towns of Askabad, Askhap and Kashkai may be derivatives of Ashkenaz. Many of these Scyths poured back into the Middle East and helped the Babylonians and Medes finally crush the Assyrians in 612 BC. There in Asia Minor the name Sakhiz preserves the name of the Saka Scyths, as similarly Crimea or Krim that of the Cimmerians [12]. A drink of these Scythians was translated by Herodotus into Greek aschy or Asky [13]. Where did some of these Scythians finally migrate to? Yamauchi, discussing frozen tombs, says they were

" ... located in the Altai Mountains of southern Siberia, just north of the western most boundary of the Republic ... the tombs contained the skeletons of Mongoloids, they ... reveal a culture closely related to the Scythians" [14].

The Shamanist peoples of Siberia still practice the same rites of healing, divination and death as the Scythians did [15]. And theTurkmenian nomads on the northern borders of Afghanistan perpetuate the exact way of life which a branch of these Scythians led [16]! (In Afghanistan we find the Ashkun River). There is some confusion in the ranks of the historians and anthropologists. Some feel that the south-east Asians come through India, while others feel that they came from Central Asia. Ferrand feels that they originate in Central Asia (Scythian country), while Callenfels goes so far as to specify the Altai Mountains bordering Russia, China and Mongolia. They were apparently driven out by the Chinese into the valleys of the Iravathy, Meenam, Mekong and Salveen Rivers. Bishop wrote that the Mon-Khmer stock originated in Central Asia and that the Tibeto-Burman group were originally in

"ancient times extended over much of north-western China, and remnants of them still exist" [17].

Schmidt, however, connects them with the Munda and Khasi of eastern India, basing his assumptions on various philological resemblances. Thus he places their homeland in north-east India [18]. It would appear that some Ashkenazic Scythians or Saka with certain Austronesian blacks may have migrated across Northern India and into Southern Asia. Others, no doubt the majority, came through central Asia. All we do know is that the Khmers' culture is from India; the Tibeto-Burmese group came out of China; and the Thais' origin is obscure.

The Tibeto-Burmese group were originally in Central Asia for it has been discovered, amongst other things, that their gods appear to be of central Asian and Scythian origin [19]. Of the Scythian hordes which invaded north-west India, perhaps the Achakzai Pathan of northern Baluchistan are partly derived from them (see also the publication The Nations of Central Asia and the Middle East). After descending from southern China into south-east Asia certain dark brown Mongoloid tribes stayed behind [20]. One such tribe today in southern China is the Black Lolo or Lulu.

Researcher Buxton believes that they came through Turkestan (Scythian country) into China [21]. Anciently in the Middle East, just north-east of the Zagros Mountains in Iran, dwelt a tribe called the Lullu or Lullubi! Huxley writes that the Chinese Lulu have curiously always had horses like the Iranians [22] unlike the surrounding peoples. We should also note here that a few of these southern Chinese/south-east Asian strain are in Japan [23] (for further information see the booklet The Central French, Northern Italians, Spanish and Japanese). Note the following:

"The Japanese, according to their tradition, were led to their isles by
a symbolic three-legged sun-crow [type of swastika sun-symbol]. In
Pamphylia and Lycia, in Scythian dominated Asia Minor, coins have been
found which bear the rare figures of three-legged birds in various forms" [24].

Some descendants of Ashkenaz may be found today in Japan. The name of these Scythians may be preserved in Japan in the following names:

  • Sakai (near Osaka)
  • Saeki
  • Sakaiminato
  • Sakata
  • Sakishima (Gunto Island)
  • Sakurai.

In Russia, the following names may also preserve a memory of some of the Scythian tribes:

  • Sakhalin Island (near Japan)
  • Sakiai (in Lithuania - but named after the White Scyths?)
  • Sakmara River (in southern Urals, near
  • Sukhinichi (west of Moscow)
  • Sukhona River (east of Moscow)
  • Sukhoylog (Urals)
  • Suksun (Urals).

And in North Korea we have Sakchu. All across Asia, the name is preserved! What were the Scythians known as in Western Asia?: Saka, Caka or Sakai [25]!

They settled for a time in south-east Asia, bringing the name Sak or Suk with them. I mentioned then how Jerome and Josephus called certain of the Scythians Sukuthai and in this chapter how Herodotus called them Skythai. I mentioned also the Altai Mountains where experts trace back the south-east Asians to. Is it any coincidence that one nation of this region is called Thailand (land of the Thais or free)? And their earliest capital was Sukhothai (Siak)?

In summary, the brown Mongoloids of south-east Asia, Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet, southern China and a few of the population of Japan are descendants of Ashkenaz.


Not much information is available on Ripath. Josephus simply states that "Ripath foundeded the Ripheans, now called Paphlagonians" [26]. Paphlagonia was a province in Asia Minor. They were part of the Rusi peoples which migrated out of Asia Minor into southern Russia where they met up with the Borusi which came out of Asia [27]. The ancient Greek poets spoke of the Ripaian Mountains and the people of that land were said to be the descendants of Riphath, the description of which, is clearly north-west Russia, near the Baltic: "northward by the Baltic and further east ... by the Gulf of Finland" [28].

There was once a district called "Rifou", east of the Black Sea. Also the Paphlagonians, sometimes spelt Raphlagonians (Riphataei) and the Rhibi lived east of the Black Sea [29]. Later they became known as the Reif or Rus upon contact with the Byelorussians. Eventually they migrated up through European Russia (the name Carpathian Mountains may derive from him) and settled in north-west Russia. Some are in White Russia on the border with Finland or in eastern Finland (Tavastians), perhaps mixed with the Balts and Nordics and known as the Finnish Russians (Karelians). The Ural-Finno-Ugaric peoples west of the Urals derive from Ripath ultimately. The Riphaean or Rafu Mountains (modern Urals) were no doubt named after him.


The above quote is from a famous prophecy found in the book of Ezekiel. Wherever Togarmah is to be found today, it is to the far north of the Middle East. Hundreds of years after the flood of Noah The Assyrians called them the Til-garimmu (Tegarama in Hittite) who lived on the border with Tabal [30]. Other names for this people were "Tegaram a Tilgarimma, "Trocmi" and "Trogmades".

The Tegarma or Tegarama migrated from Cappadocia into Armenia [31], and may have given his name to that district (the Armenians even claimed descent from him and undoubtedly are in part). From there they moved into Turcoman territory (Turkistan) a possible derivation of Tegarama. In Turkistan, among the tablelands of Pamir, rose a great mount, Tagharma. The Septuagint form is Thorgama. Milner, who is famous for his writings on the Japhetic races, discusses the trip to the deserts of Turkistan by Dr. Joseph Woolf, a missionary. Woolf recorded his experience in Travels and Adventures. He mentions how he came among a people claiming to be descendants of Japheth and calling themselves Togarmah. These were the Mongoloid peoples of Turkistan [32]!

Amongst the sign-posts indicating where Togarmah settled we find:

  • Tagarchi in eastern Turkestan
  • the Tochari tribe
  • Tigranoama in eastern Turkey
  • Tagarma mountains in eastern Turkestan
  • the city of Tagarma in western China
  • Taganrog, Tigeretsk Mountain, Togur town, Turgai province and Turginsk town in Siberia

Tradition speaks in terms of a certain son of Japheth as Tork. He in turn had a son Taunak Chan. He was in turn succeeded by Jelza Khan, Dibbakui Khan, Kajuk Khan and Ilingeh (or Alanza) Khan. Ilingeh Khan in turn had two sons: Tatar Khan - progenitor of the Tartars; and Mongul Khan - progenitor of the Mongols or Moghuls [33]!

I should stress here that one should realise that some of the Turks derive from Togarmah and some from Edom. See my publication The Nations of Central Asia and the Middle East. There has, however, been some mixing between the descendants of Edom and Togarmah in Central Asia which is quite easy to perceive.

Moses of Chorene, who wrote the history of the Armenians c450AD, claimed that their progenitor was none other than Thargamas and they called themselves the "House of Thorgom". It may be that the name Armenia derives from TogARMah. So, some of the descendants of Togarmah dwell in Armenia to this very day.

The golden-skinned Mongols of Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, mixed to a degree, with the descendants of Togarmah and Edom (some Turkics actually claim descent from Togarmah [34]). A few others appear to be in Siberia (see Ezek 38:6) including the Dolgans and the Yakuts [35]. There we have the populous nations of central and south-east Asia traced back to their origins. But the majority of Chinese, caught between Togarmah and Ashkenaz are from a different son of Japeth. They are discussed in my manuscript Who are the East Asians, Polynesians and American Indians?.


Huxley, F (1974) Peoples of the World In Colour. Blandford Press, London.
Karnow, S (1964) South-East Asia. Time-Life Books.
Milner, W (1941) The Russian Chapters of Ezekiel. Destiny Publishers, Mass. First published 1923.


1 Sayce 1928:71; See Wiseman 1973:165
2 Custance 1975:83
3 Douglas 1972:481
4 Wiseman, 1955:17
5 Karnow 1964:29
6 Gayre 1973:55; Custance 1975:85; Childe 1926:38
7 Custance 1975:86
8 ibid: quoting Strabo I:1:10; I:III:21; XI:VIII:4
9 See Coon 1948:196
10 Douglas 1972:96
11 Wiseman 1955:18; Maspero 1900:343
12 Burney 1971:168
13 Hoeh 1969 vol 1:36
14 Yamauchi 1982:112
15 The World's Last Mysteries 1977:226
16 ibid:222
17 Bishop 1942:7-7
18 Kalyanaraman 1969 vol 2:170-72
19 ibid:93
20 Huxley 1974:159; Langer 1968:56
21 Buxton 1925:156
22 Huxley 1974:161
23 Brinkley 1903:38
24 Hoeh 1969 vol 1:344
25 Rapson 1914;136-37, 202
26 Josephus Antiquities 1:6:1
27 Kachur 1972:5,7
28 Rouse 1906:133
29 Custance 1975:88
30 Douglas 1972:1285
31 Bullinger c1890:1144
32 Milner 1941:46
33 Kachur 1972:9-10
34 Koestler 1976:160
35 Jochelson 1928: map "Ethnographic map of Asiatic Russia" at the front of his book


Bishop, CW (1942) Origin of the Far Eastern Civilizations. Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
Brinkley, F (1903) Japan and China. (vol 1). TC & EC Jack, London.
Bullinger, EW(c1890) Companion Bible. Samuel Baagster & Sons, London. Reprinted 1974.
Burney, C (1971) The Peoples of the Hills. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London.
Buxton, D (1925) The Peoples of Asia. Kegan Paul, London.
Childe, VG (1926) The Aryans. Kegan Paul, London.
Coon, CS (1948) Races of Europe. MacMillan, New York.
Custance, AC (1975) Noah's Three Sons. Zondervan, Michigan.
Douglas, JD (1972) (et al) New Bible Dictionary. Inter-Varsity Press, London.
Gayre, R (1973) The Syro-Mesoptamian Ethnology as Revealed in Genesis X. The Amorial, Edinburgh.
Hoeh, HL (1969) Compendium of World History. (Vol 2). Pasadena, California. First published 1963.
Huxley, F (1974) Peoples of the World In Colour. Blandford Press, London.
Jochelson, W (1928) Peoples of Asiatic Russia. American Museum of Natural History.
Josephus, F Antiquities. Translated by W Whiston, Simms & McIntyre, London.
Kachur, V (1972) The Trans-Caucasion Migration of the Rusi Tribes. Dublin, Ohio.
Kalyanaraman, A (1969) Aryatarangini. The Saga of the Indo-Aryans. (2 vols). Asia Publishing House, London.
Karnow, S (1964) South-East Asia. Time-Life Books.
Koestler, A (1976) The Thirteenth Tribe. Picador, London.
Langer, W (1968) An Encyclopedia of World History. Harrap Publishers, London.
Maspero, G (1900) History of the Ancient Peoples of the Classic East. (Vol 3).
Milner, W (1941) The Russian Chapters of Ezekiel. Destiny Publishers, Mass. First published 1923.
Rapson, EJ (1914) Ancient India. Cambridge University Press, London.
Rouse, ML (1906) "The Bible Pedigree of the Nations of the World", Journal. Transactions of the Victoria Institute, vol 38; 123-153.
Sayce, AH (1928) Races of the Old Testament. Lutterworth Press, Surrey.
Wiseman, DJ (1955) "Genesis 10: Some Archaeological Considerations", Journal of the Transactions the Victoria Institute. Vol LXXXVII. (Renamed Faith and Thought).
Yamauchi,E (1982) Foes From the Northern Frontier. Baker Book House, Michigan.
NN (1977) The World's Last Mysteries. Reader's Digest, Sydney.


In Brief

The Chaldeans

Celtic-Israelite Commonalities

The Origin of the Nations of S.E. Asia

| Home | Top |